Tarom is the national airline of Romania, with its main base at Otopeni Airport, Bucharest. It operates scheduled domestic services and international services to Europe and the Middle East. It is owned (91%) by the Romanian state (Ministry of Transportation).
Tarom can trace its origins to the year 1920 when the French-Romanian Company For Air Navigation, (CFRNA) was formed. The airline used French built Potez planes to perform its services of carrying passengers and mail, from Paris to Bucharest, stopping in European cities along the way.
In 1925, the city of Galati became the first domestic Romanian destination. In 1926, the airline changed its name to The International Air Navigation Company, (CIDNA). In 1930 it changed its name to LARES (Liniile Aeriene Rom�ne Exploatate de Stat), and in 1937, LARES was merged with competitor SARTA (Societatea Rom�nă de Transporturi Aeriene).
It was established on 8 August 1945 as a joint Romaniam-Siviet undertaking named Transporturi Aeriene Romana Sovietica. It started operations on 1 February 1946. The Soviet share was purchased by Romania and the airline renamed on September 18 1954. The airline became known as Tarom (Transporturi Aeriene ROM�ne, meaning Romanian Air Transport). By 1960 Tarom was flying to most important capitals in Europe, and in 1966 operated its first trans-atlantic flight. By 1974, Tarom began services to JFK International Airport in New York. It also reached Australia, flying to Sydney, via Calcutta.
During the 1980s, Tarom (being an Eastern Bloc airline) was forced to buy Russian aircraft exclusively. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tarom has re-introduced western built jets to their fleet. It also has a frequent flyer program and is under contract with Schabak and Wooster Plastic Planes to make their model airplanes.
Tarom is trying to enlarge its flight opportunities too, and decided to focus on Henri Coanda International Airport (OTP), Timisoara Traian Vuia International Airport (TSR) and Cluj-Napoca International Airport (CLJ)(in order of traffic). In 2004 Tarom discontinued trans-atlantic flights.
Tarom operates the following services (at January 2005):
- Domestic scheduled destinations: Bucharest, Cluj, Arad, Bacau, Baia Mare, Iasi, Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Timisoara and Tirgu Mures.
- International scheduled destinations: Amman, Athens, Beirut, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chisinau, Dubai, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Larnaca, London, Madrid, Milan, Munich, Paris, Rome, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki and Vienna.
The Tarom fleet consists of the following aircraft (at May 2005):
The airline has an order for 4 Airbus A318-100.
- Tarom Boeing Fleet Detail
- Tarom Passenger OpinionsTemplate:SkyTeam Alliance
[[Category:]] [[Category:]] [[Category:]]